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Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2012 Jan 1;4:924-33.

Nonsyndromic X-linked hearing loss.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Goyang, South Korea.


To date, 135 loci and 50 genes have been identified as causes of nonsyndromic hearing loss. Until recently, four loci (DFN2, DFN3, DFN4, and DFN6) had been implicated in nonsyndromic X-linked hearing loss; however, a new classification (DFNX1-5) has been proposed to reduce confusion in the terminology. The different types of nonsyndromic X-linked hearing loss demonstrate various clinical features in terms of the onset and progressiveness of hearing loss, pattern of audiogram, and the presence or absence of inner ear malformations. In addition to the POU3F4 gene, which was the first gene identified as causing nonsyndromic X-linked hearing loss, a second gene, PRPS1, has recently been identified to be the causative gene of DFNX1 (DFN2). This study reviews the new classification system, as well as the clinical features, molecular genetics, and developmental pathogenesis of different forms of nonsyndromic X-linked hearing loss.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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