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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Feb;1823(2):358-67. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.12.002. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Angiopoietin-1 but not angiopoietin-2 promotes neutrophil viability: Role of interleukin-8 and platelet-activating factor.

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1
Research Center, Montreal Heart Institute, 5000 Belanger Street, Montreal Qc, Canada H1T 1C8.

Abstract

We previously reported the expression of angiopoietin receptor Tie2 on human neutrophils. Both angiopoietins (Ang1 and Ang2) induce platelet activating factor (PAF) synthesis from endothelial cells (ECs) and neutrophils. Both angiopoietins can also modulate EC viability and since PAF can promote pro-survival activity on neutrophils, we addressed whether Ang1 and/or Ang2 could modulate neutrophil viability. Neutrophils were isolated from venous blood of healthy volunteers and neutrophil viability was assessed by flow cytometry using apoptotic and necrotic markers (annexin-V and propidium iodide (P.I.), respectively). Basal neutrophil viability from 0 to 24 h post-isolation decreased from 98% to ≈45%. Treatment with anti-apoptotic mediators such as interleukin-8 (IL-8; 25 nM) and PAF (100 nM) increased neutrophil basal viability by 34 and 26% (raising it from 43 to 58 and 55%) respectively. Treatment with Ang1 (0.001-50 nM) increased neutrophil viability by up to 41%, while Ang2 had no significant effect. Combination of IL-8 (25 nM) or PAF (100 nM) with Ang1 (10 nM) further increased neutrophil viability by 56 and 60% respectively. We also observed that Ang1, but not Ang2 can promote IL-8 release and that a pretreatment of the neutrophils with blocking anti-IL-8 antibodies inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect of IL-8 and Ang1 by 92 and 81% respectively. Pretreatment with a selective PAF receptor antagonist (BN 52021), did abrogate PAF pro-survival activity, without affecting Ang1-induced neutrophil viability. Our data are the first ones to report Ang1 pro-survival activity on neutrophils, which is mainly driven through IL-8 release.

PMID:
22198097
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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