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Nitric Oxide. 2012 Jan 1;26(1):54-60. doi: 10.1016/j.niox.2011.12.001. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Nitric oxide restrain root growth by DNA damage induced cell cycle arrest in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Genetics and Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing, PR China. sulanb@sina.com

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) participates in the regulation of diverse functions in plant cells. However, different NO concentrations may trigger different pathways during the plant development. At basal levels of NO, plants utilize the NO signaling transduction pathway to facilitate plant growth and development, whereas higher concentrations trigger programmed cell death (PCD). Our results show that NO lower than the levels causing PCD, but higher than the basal levels induce DNA damage in root cells in Arabidopsis as witnessed by a reduction in root growth, rather than cell death, since cells retain the capacity to differentiate root hairs. The decrease in meristematic cells and increase in DNA damage signals in roots in responses to NO are in a dose dependent manner. The restraint of root growth is due to cell cycle arrest at G1 phase which is caused by NO induced DNA damage, besides a second arrest at G2/M existed in NO supersensitive mutant cue1. The results indicate that NO restrain root growth via DNA damage induced cell cycle arrest.

PMID:
22197746
DOI:
10.1016/j.niox.2011.12.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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