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J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2012 Jan;16(1):109-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.06.001. Epub 2011 Jul 2.

The effect of Pilates exercises on body composition: a systematic review.

Author information

1
School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica. aladro80@fastmail.es

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this systematic review was to determine how Pilates exercises have impacted body composition (BC) on selected populations.

METHODS:

A comprehensive literature search was performed using the keywords 'Pilates, body composition, systematic review, literature review, overweight, obesity, healthy weight, underweight' and their combination.

RESULTS:

Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and after further quality analyses it was determined that there is currently poor empirical quantitative evidence indicating a positive effect of Pilates exercises on BC. Several methodological flaws were observed in the studies analyzed, including few full-text published studies looking into the effects of Pilates exercises on BC, a lack of true experimental research designs, limited standardization in measurement techniques, insufficient or no control of the nutritional status, and inconsistent instructor qualifications.

CONCLUSION:

Well-designed research is needed to determine how Pilates exercises impact BC on selected populations.

PMID:
22196436
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2011.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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