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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Mar;78(5):1563-73. doi: 10.1128/AEM.07335-11. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

Only one of the five Ralstonia solanacearum long-chain 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase homologues functions in fatty acid synthesis.

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1
College of Life Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Ralstonia solanacearum, a major phytopathogenic bacterium, causes a bacterial wilt disease in diverse plants. Although fatty acid analyses of total membranes of R. solanacearum showed that they contain primarily palmitic (C(16:0)), palmitoleic (C(16:1)) and cis-vaccenic (C(18:1)) acids, little is known regarding R. solanacearum fatty acid synthesis. The R. solanacearum GMI1000 genome is unusual in that it contains four genes (fabF1, fabF2, fabF3, and fabF4) annotated as encoding 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase II homologues and one gene (fabB) annotated as encoding 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I. We have analyzed this puzzling apparent redundancy and found that only one of these genes, fabF1, encoded a long-chain 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase, whereas the other homologues did not play roles in R. solanacearum fatty acid synthesis. Mutant strains lacking fabF1 are nonviable, and thus, FabF1 is essential for R. solanacearum fatty acid biosynthesis. Moreover, R. solanacearum FabF1 has the activities of both 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase II and 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I.

PMID:
22194290
PMCID:
PMC3294497
DOI:
10.1128/AEM.07335-11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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