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Rheumatol Int. 2012 Jun;32(6):1491-502. doi: 10.1007/s00296-011-2263-6. Epub 2011 Dec 23.

A turbulent decade for NSAIDs: update on current concepts of classification, epidemiology, comparative efficacy, and toxicity.

Author information

1
Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, Department of Musculoskeletal Medicine, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, 2nd Floor Chapel Allerton Hospital, Chapeltown Road, Leeds, LS7 4SA, UK. p.conaghan@leeds.ac.uk

Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) represent a diverse class of drugs and are among the most commonly used analgesics for arthritic pain worldwide, though long-term use is associated with a spectrum of adverse effects. The introduction of cyclooxygenase-2-selective NSAIDs early in the last decade offered an alternative to traditional NSAIDs with similar efficacy and improved gastrointestinal tolerability; however, emerging concerns about cardiovascular safety resulted in the withdrawal of two agents (rofecoxib and valdecoxib) in the mid-2000s and, subsequently, in an overall reduction in NSAID use. It is now understood that all NSAIDs are associated with some varying degree of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular risk. Guidelines still recommend their use, but little is known of how patients use these agents. While strategies and guidelines aimed at reducing NSAID-associated complications exist, there is a need for evidence-based algorithms combining cardiovascular and gastrointestinal factors that can be used to aid treatment decisions at an individual patient level.

PMID:
22193214
PMCID:
PMC3364420
DOI:
10.1007/s00296-011-2263-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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