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Appl Opt. 2011 Dec 1;50(34):H278-84. doi: 10.1364/AO.50.00H278.

Digitized holography: modern holography for 3D imaging of virtual and real objects.

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1
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kansai University 3-3-35, Suita, Osaka 564-8680, Japan. matsu@kansai‐u.ac.jp

Abstract

Recent developments in computer algorithms, image sensors, and microfabrication technologies make it possible to digitize the whole process of classical holography. This technique, referred to as digitized holography, allows us to create fine spatial three-dimensional (3D) images composed of virtual and real objects. In the technique, the wave field of real objects is captured in a wide area and at very high resolution using the technique of synthetic aperture digital holography. The captured field is incorporated in virtual 3D scenes including two-dimensional digital images and 3D polygon mesh objects. The synthetic field is optically reconstructed using the technique of computer-generated holograms. The reconstructed 3D images present all depth cues like classical holograms but are digitally editable, archivable, and transmittable unlike classical holograms. The synthetic hologram printed by a laser lithography system has a wide viewing zone in full-parallax and give viewers a strong sensation of depth, which has never been achieved by conventional 3D systems. A real hologram as well as the details of the technique is presented to verify the proposed technique.

PMID:
22193018
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