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Reprod Health. 2011 Dec 22;8:39. doi: 10.1186/1742-4755-8-39.

Reductions in abortion-related mortality following policy reform: evidence from Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh.

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1
Research and Evaluation Unit, Ipas, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA.

Abstract

Unsafe abortion is a significant contributor to worldwide maternal mortality; however, abortion law and policy liberalization could lead to drops in unsafe abortion and related deaths. This review provides an analysis of changes in abortion mortality in three countries where significant policy reform and related service delivery occurred. Drawing on peer-reviewed literature, population data and grey literature on programs and policies, this paper demonstrates the policy and program changes that led to declines in abortion-related mortality in Romania, South Africa and Bangladesh. In all three countries, abortion policy liberalization was followed by implementation of safe abortion services and other reproductive health interventions. South Africa and Bangladesh trained mid-level providers to offer safe abortion and menstrual regulation services, respectively, Romania improved contraceptive policies and services, and Bangladesh made advances in emergency obstetric care and family planning. The findings point to the importance of multi-faceted and complementary reproductive health reforms in successful implementation of abortion policy reform.

PMID:
22192901
PMCID:
PMC3287245
DOI:
10.1186/1742-4755-8-39
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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