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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 3;59(1 Suppl):S1-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2011.09.022.

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: current considerations and expectations.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA. jeff.feinstein@stanford.edu

Erratum in

  • J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 31;59(5):544.

Abstract

In the recent era, no congenital heart defect has undergone a more dramatic change in diagnostic approach, management, and outcomes than hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). During this time, survival to the age of 5 years (including Fontan) has ranged from 50% to 69%, but current expectations are that 70% of newborns born today with HLHS may reach adulthood. Although the 3-stage treatment approach to HLHS is now well founded, there is significant variation among centers. In this white paper, we present the current state of the art in our understanding and treatment of HLHS during the stages of care: 1) pre-Stage I: fetal and neonatal assessment and management; 2) Stage I: perioperative care, interstage monitoring, and management strategies; 3) Stage II: surgeries; 4) Stage III: Fontan surgery; and 5) long-term follow-up. Issues surrounding the genetics of HLHS, developmental outcomes, and quality of life are addressed in addition to the many other considerations for caring for this group of complex patients.

PMID:
22192720
PMCID:
PMC6110391
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2011.09.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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