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J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Mar;132(3 Pt 2):933-9. doi: 10.1038/jid.2011.417. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

Skin microbiome: looking back to move forward.

Author information

1
Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. konghe@maiI.nih.gov

Abstract

Trillions of bacteria, fungi, viruses, archaea, and small arthropods colonize the skin surface, collectively comprising the skin microbiome. Generations of researchers have classified these microbes as transient versus resident, beneficial versus pathogenic, and collaborators versus adversaries. Culturing and direct sequencing of microbial inhabitants identified distinct populations present at skin surface sites. Herein, we explore the history of this field, describe findings from the current molecular sequencing era, and consider the future of investigating how microbes and antimicrobial therapy contribute to human health.

PMID:
22189793
PMCID:
PMC3279608
DOI:
10.1038/jid.2011.417
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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