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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012 Mar-Apr;44(2):140-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2011.06.012. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

Maternal dietary counseling reduces consumption of energy-dense foods among infants: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil. vitolo@ufcspa.edu.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the impact of a dietary counseling in reducing the intake of energy-dense foods by infants.

DESIGN:

A randomized controlled trial.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

São Leopoldo, Brazil. Mothers and infants of a low-income-group population were randomized into intervention (n = 163) and received dietary counseling during 10 home visits, or control (n = 234) groups.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES:

Child consumption of sugar-dense (SD) and lipid-dense (LD) foods at 12 to 16 months.

ANALYSIS:

The effect of the intervention was expressed by relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. Poisson regression analysis was used to determine the association between exclusive breastfeeding and the energy-dense foods intake.

RESULTS:

A smaller proportion of infants from the intervention group consumed candy, soft drinks, honey, cookies, chocolate, and salty snacks. In the intervention group, there was a reduction of 40% and 50% in the proportion of infants who consumed LD and SD foods, respectively. Being breastfed up to 6 months reduced the risk for consumption of LD and SD foods by 58% and 67%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Dietary counseling to mothers may be effective in reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods among infants, and it is helpful in improving early dietary habits.

PMID:
22189004
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2011.06.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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