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Biotechnol Lett. 2012 Apr;34(4):663-75. doi: 10.1007/s10529-011-0830-2. Epub 2011 Dec 21.

Identification and characterization of novel cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic genes and enzymes derived from German grassland soil metagenomes.

Author information

1
Department of Genomic and Applied Microbiology, Göttingen Genomics Laboratory, Institute of Microbiology and Genetics, Georg-August University Göttingen, Grisebachstr. 8, 37077, Göttingen, Germany.

Abstract

Soil metagenomes represent an unlimited resource for the discovery of novel biocatalysts from soil microorganisms. Three large-inserts metagenomic DNA libraries were constructed from different grassland soil samples and screened for genes conferring cellulase or xylanase activity. Function-driven screening identified a novel cellulase-encoding gene (cel01) and two xylanase-encoding genes (xyn01 and xyn02). From sequence and protein domain analyses, Cel01 (831 amino acids) belongs to glycoside hydrolase family 9 whereas Xyn01 (170 amino acids) and Xyn02 (255 amino acids) are members of glycoside hydrolase family 11. Cel01 harbors a family 9 carbohydrate-binding module, previously found only in xylanases. Both Xyn01 and Xyn02 were most active at 60°C with high activities from 4 to 10 and optimal at pH 7 (Xyn01) and pH 6 (Xyn02). The cellulase gene, cel01, was expressed in E. coli BL21 and the recombinant enzyme (91.9 kDa) was purified. Cel01 exhibited high activity with soluble cellulose substrates containing β-1,4-linkages. Activity with microcrystalline cellulose was not detected. These data, together with the analysis of the degradation profiles of carboxymethyl cellulose and barley glucan indicated that Cel01 is an endo 1,4-β-glucanase. Cel01 showed optimal activity at 50°C and pH 7 being highly active from pH range 5 to 9 and possesses remarkable halotolerance.

PMID:
22187078
PMCID:
PMC3298741
DOI:
10.1007/s10529-011-0830-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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