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Blood. 2012 Feb 9;119(6):1399-406. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-04-350686. Epub 2011 Dec 19.

A mutation in the human Uncoordinated 119 gene impairs TCR signaling and is associated with CD4 lymphopenia.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Immunology, National Jewish Health,1400 Jackson St, Denver, CO 80206, USA.

Erratum in

  • Blood. 2014 Jan 16;123(3):457.


Idiopathic CD4 lymphopenia (ICL) is an immunodeficiency disorder of unclear etiology. Here we describe a heterozygous dominant-negative missense mutation (codon 22 GGC→GTC; V22G) of the signaling adaptor protein Uncoordinated 119 (Unc119) in an ICL patient. The patient is a 32-year-old female with < 300 CD4 T cells/μL and with a history of recurrent sinusitis/otitis media, frequent episodes of shingles, a widespread fungal nail infection, fungal dermatitis, oral herpetic lesions, and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia after 2 episodes of bacterial pneumonia. The patient's cells have reduced response to TCR stimulation, with impairment in both localization and enzymatic activation of the lymphocyte-specific kinase (Lck) resulting in decreased cell proliferation. Transduction of the mutant Unc119 but not wild-type Unc119 into normal T cells reproduces the signaling and proliferation defects. The mutation disrupts the Unc119-Lck interaction which is normally needed for stimulation of the Lck catalytic activity by TCR. The mutant protein also causes mislocalization of Lck to Rab11(+) perinuclear endosomes. The mutation is not present in 2 other patients with ICL, patients with secondary CD4 lymphopenia or 60 healthy subjects. The V22G mutation of Unc119 represents a novel genetic defect in ICL.

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