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Gut. 2012 Sep;61(9):1279-83. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2011-301095. Epub 2011 Dec 19.

Increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease in women with endometriosis: a nationwide Danish cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark. tjs@ssi.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An association between endometriosis and certain autoimmune diseases has been suggested. However, the impact of endometriosis on risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unknown.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in an unselected nationwide Danish cohort of women with endometriosis.

DESIGN:

By use of national registers, 37 661 women hospitalised with endometriosis during 1977-2007 were identified. The relative risk of developing IBD after an endometriosis diagnosis was calculated as observed versus expected numbers and presented as standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% CIs.

RESULTS:

Women with endometriosis had a increased risk of IBD overall (SIR=1.5; 95% CI 1.4 to 1.7) and of UC (SIR=1.5; 95% CI 1.3 to 1.7) and CD (SIR=1.6; 95% CI 1.3 to 2.0) separately, even 20 years after a diagnosis of endometriosis (UC: SIR=1.5; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.1; CD: SIR=1.8; 95% CI 1.1 to 3.2). Restricting analyses to women with surgically verified endometriosis suggested even stronger associations (UC: SIR=1.8; 95% CI 1.4 to 2.3; CD: SIR=1.7; 95% CI 1.2 to 2.5).

CONCLUSION:

The risk of IBD in women with endometriosis was increased even in the long term, hence suggesting a genuine association between the diseases, which may either reflect common immunological features or an impact of endometriosis treatment with oral contraceptives on risk of IBD.

Comment in

PMID:
22184069
DOI:
10.1136/gutjnl-2011-301095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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