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Indian J Pediatr. 2012 Dec;79(12):1654-7. doi: 10.1007/s12098-011-0642-3. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

Acute Infantile Encephalopathy Predominantly Affecting The Frontal Lobes (AIEF).

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Neurology, P D Hinduja Hospital, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim (west), Mumbai, 400016, Maharashtra, India. drsarbaniraha@rediffmail.com

Abstract

Acute Infantile Encephalopathy Predominantly Affecting the Frontal Lobes (AIEF) is a relatively recent described entity. This article includes case reports of two patients who had bifrontal involvement during acute febrile encephalopathy. Case 1 describes a 1-y-old boy who presented with hyperpyrexia and dialeptic seizures. Imaging revealed significant bilateral frontal lobe involvement while serology proved presence of Influenza B infection. Over a period of one wk, he recovered with significant cognitive decline and perseveratory behavior. Another 6-y-old boy presented with language and behavioral problems suggestive of frontal dysfunction after recovering from prolonged impairment of consciousness following a convulsive status epilepticus. Bilateral superior frontal lesions with gyral swelling was evident on neuroimaging. These cases are among the very few cases of AIEF described in recent literature and the article also reviews this unique subtype of acute encephalopathy.

PMID:
22183762
DOI:
10.1007/s12098-011-0642-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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