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J Hum Resour. 2008 Summer;43(3):511-552.

The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment: Labor Supply in Western Kenya.

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  • 1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Columbia University, The World Bank.


Using longitudinal survey data collected in collaboration with a treatment program, this paper estimates the economic impacts of antiretroviral treatment. The responses in two outcomes are studied: (1) labor supply of treated adult AIDS patients; and (2) labor supply of individuals in patients' households. Within six months after treatment initiation, there is a 20 percent increase in the likelihood of the patient participating in the labor force and a 35 percent increase in weekly hours worked. Young boys in treated patients' households work significantly less after treatment initiation, while girls and adult household members do not change their labor supply.

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