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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2011 Dec 18;19(1):90-7. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2186.

Tudor domain ERI-5 tethers an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase to DCR-1 to potentiate endo-RNAi.

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Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2013 Feb;20(2):244.


Endogenous RNA interference (endo-RNAi) pathways use a variety of mechanisms to generate siRNA and to mediate gene silencing. In Caenorhabditis elegans, DCR-1 is essential for competing RNAi pathways-the ERI endo-RNAi pathway and the exogenous RNAi pathway-to function. Here, we demonstrate that DCR-1 forms exclusive complexes in each pathway and further define the ERI-DCR-1 complex. We show that the tandem tudor protein ERI-5 potentiates ERI endo-RNAi by tethering an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) module to DCR-1. In the absence of ERI-5, the RdRP module is uncoupled from DCR-1. Notably, EKL-1, an ERI-5 paralog that specifies distinct RdRP modules in Dicer-independent endo-RNAi pathways, partially compensates for the loss of ERI-5 without interacting with DCR-1. Our results implicate tudor proteins in the recruitment of RdRP complexes to specific steps within DCR-1-dependent and DCR-1-independent endo-RNAi pathways.

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