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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2011;28(5):1023-30. doi: 10.1159/000335789. Epub 2011 Dec 15.

Temporal expression pattern of Fkbp8 in rodent cochlea.

Author information

1
University of Tübingen, Institute of Human Genetics, Tübingen, Germany. magdalena.zak1@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

FKBP8 is a multifunctional protein involved in many distinct processes like formation of central nervous system, viral RNA replication and inhibition of apoptosis. Fkbp8 expression was reported in different tissues, various cell lines and malignancies, in the latter displaying changes during carcinogenesis. Loss of Fkbp8 leads to substantial neurodegenerations during regular mouse development, thus hearing onset in mice could also potentially depend on Fkbp8 expression. Since Fkbp8 is crucial for patterning of neuronal function, we studied its expression during maturation of the rodent auditory function.

METHODS:

Fkbp8 gene expression in rodent cochlear samples was studied by RT-PCR, qPCR, and western blot. Localization of Fkbp8 transcripts and protein was analyzed by in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

Studies of auditory organ demonstrate that Fkbp8 gene activity is increasing just before hearing onset and gradually decreasing after onset of hearing. Western blot analysis suggests substantial levels of Fkbp8 protein before hearing onset, and slow degradation after onset of hearing. The Fkbp8 mRNA is localized in spiral ganglion of cochlea but its distribution changes over time to the stria vascularis, a finding supported by immunohistochemistry staining. Additionally, in pre-hearing time Fkbp8-specific signal was also observed in the tectorial membrane, whose α- and β-Tectorin components show similar time-dependent expression of mRNA as Fkbp8.

CONCLUSION:

These results indicate a temporal shift in expression of Fkbp8 which correlates with cochlear maturation, strongly suggesting a contribution of Fkbp8 to the onset of the rodent hearing processes.

PMID:
22178952
DOI:
10.1159/000335789
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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