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Trends Biotechnol. 2012 Apr;30(4):198-205. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2011.11.003. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Selection, breeding and engineering of microalgae for bioenergy and biofuel production.

Author information

1
Climate Change Cluster, University of Technology (Sydney), Broadway, NSW 2007, Australia. a.larkum@sydney.edu.au

Abstract

Microalgal production technologies are seen as increasingly attractive for bioenergy production to improve fuel security and reduce CO(2) emissions. Photosynthetically derived fuels are a renewable, potentially carbon-neutral and scalable alternative reserve. Microalgae have particular promise because they can be produced on non-arable land and utilize saline and wastewater streams. Furthermore, emerging microalgal technologies can be used to produce a range of products such as biofuels, protein-rich animal feeds, chemical feedstocks (e.g. bioplastic precursors) and higher-value products. This review focuses on the selection, breeding and engineering of microalgae for improved biomass and biofuel conversion efficiencies.

PMID:
22178650
DOI:
10.1016/j.tibtech.2011.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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