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Thromb Res. 2012 Mar;129(3):279-84. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2011.11.028. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Tissue factor and atherosclerosis: not only vessel wall-derived TF, but also platelet-associated TF.

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Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Via Parea 4, 20138 Milan, Italy.


In the last ten years the contribution of both vessel wall-derived tissue factor (TF) and platelets to atherosclerosis has been revisited. At the beginning of the 2000 a circulating blood-borne TF has been proposed to sustain coagulation activation and propagation on the edge of a growing thrombus. Concomitantly with the observation that platelets not only contribute to thrombus formation, but also take part to the onset of the atherosclerotic lesion, evidences have been provided that they express functionally active TF, making them able to trigger the coagulation cascade.

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