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Eat Behav. 2012 Jan;13(1):58-61. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2011.10.001. Epub 2011 Oct 25.

Processes of change for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among economically disadvantaged African American adolescents.

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William Paterson University, 300 Pompton Road, Wayne, New Jersey 07470, USA.


This study sought to identify Transtheoretical Model processes of change associated with consumption of ≥5 daily servings of FVs in a sample of economically disadvantaged African American adolescents (N=549; mean (SD) age=12.44 (.99) years; 61% female; 15% African American Hispanic). Participants completed measures of stages and processes of change, and were ranked according to intake level based on their reported stage. Spearman correlations and independent samples t tests were used in cross-sectional analyses of the relationship between processes of change and FV consumption. Consciousness raising, environmental reevaluation, helping relationships and stimulus control processes were significantly associated with FV consumption (ρ≥.12; p<.01), and were practiced more often by youths who consumed ≥5 daily servings of FVs relative to those who did not (p<.05). Findings highlight the potential of these processes for increasing FV consumption in this population.

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