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Drug Alcohol Rev. 2012 Jun;31(4):507-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00408.x. Epub 2011 Dec 19.

Smoking cessation among Australian methadone clients: prevalence, characteristics and a need for action.

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1
School of Psychology, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia. jenny.bowman@newcastle.edu.au

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:

The aim of this study was to describe a sample of Australian methadone clients with respect to smoking and cessation-related behaviours and motivations.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey was completed by 103 methadone clients in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia.

RESULTS:

Characteristics of the sample included low socioeconomic status, and high polydrug use and nicotine dependence. Key findings were a high prevalence of smoking (84%) and low likelihood of quitting, including a quit ratio of less than 10%. Over half of smokers were classified as 'Precontemplative', and 34% as 'hard-core' smokers.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

The need for research to develop and test tailored interventions for this population is highlighted, as is the need for methadone services and staff to facilitate client smoking cessation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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