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Diabetes Technol Ther. 2012 Apr;14(4):365-72. doi: 10.1089/dia.2011.0127. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Role of bariatric-metabolic surgery in the treatment of obese type 2 diabetes with body mass index <35 kg/m2: a literature review.

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School of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil.


Bariatric surgery has been used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, its efficacy is still debatable. This literature review analyzed articles that evaluated the effects of bariatric surgery in treatment of T2DM in obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of <35 kg/m(2). A paired t test was applied for the analysis of pre- and postintervention mean BMI, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c) values. A significant (P<0.001) reduction in BMI (from 29.95±0.51 kg/m(2) to 24.83±0.44 kg/m(2)), FPG (from 207.86±8.51 mg/dL to 113.54±4.93 mg/dL), and A1c (from 8.89±0.15% to 6.35±0.18%) was observed in 29 articles (n=675). T2DM resolution (A1c <7% without antidiabetes medication) was achieved in 84.0% (n=567) of the subjects. T2DM remission, control, and improvement were observed in 55.41%, 28.59%, and 14.37%, respectively. Only 1.63% (n=11) of the subjects presented similar or worse glycemic control after the surgery. T2DM remission (A1c <6% without antidiabetes medication) was higher after mini-gastric bypass (72.22%) and laparoscopic/Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (70.43%). According to the Foregut and Hindgut Hypotheses, T2DM results from the imbalance between the incretins and diabetogenic signals. The procedures that remove the proximal intestine and do ileal transposition contribute to the increase of glucagon-like peptide-1 levels and improvement of insulin sensitivity. These findings provide preliminary evidence of the benefits of bariatric-metabolic surgery on glycemic control of T2DM obese subjects with a BMI of <35 kg/m(2). However, more clinical trials are needed to investigate the metabolic effects of bariatric surgery in T2DM remission on pre-obese and obese class I patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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