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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012 Mar;67(3):723-6. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkr518. Epub 2011 Dec 15.

Acute renal insufficiency during telavancin therapy in clinical practice.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110-1093, USA. marcoslrz@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the tolerance to long-term telavancin therapy among inpatients as it relates to nephrotoxicity.

METHODS:

Retrospective cohort study of adult patients who received telavancin at the Barnes-Jewish Hospital from 1 September 2009 to 1 December 2010. Patients who received less than three doses of telavancin, were on haemodialysis prior to telavancin administration or died within 48 h of initial telavancin administration were excluded.

RESULTS:

Twenty-one patients received telavancin and met the inclusion criteria. Seven of 21 patients (33%) developed acute renal insufficiency during therapy. Patients who developed acute renal insufficiency had a mean glomerular filtration rate reduction of 56 mL/min/1.73 m(2). In the univariate analysis, high body mass index (P=0.025), use of intravenous contrast dye (P=0.017) and prior serum vancomycin trough levels >20 mg/L (P=0.017) were associated with developing acute renal insufficiency. Two patients required haemodialysis; two had persistent renal insufficiency.

CONCLUSIONS:

Supratherapeutic vancomycin trough levels, high body mass index and receipt of intravenous contrast dye prior to telavancin therapy were associated with acute renal insufficiency.

PMID:
22174040
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkr518
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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