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Surg Today. 2012 May;42(5):441-6. doi: 10.1007/s00595-011-0097-1. Epub 2011 Dec 17.

Delayed gastric emptying improved by straight stomach reconstruction with twisted anastomosis to the jejunum after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) in 118 consecutive patients at a single institution.

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  • 1Division of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery and Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin Kawaharacho, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.



Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a leading cause of complication after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). Its incidence has been reported to range from 5 to 57%. We describe a modified reconstruction method, which resulted in a low rate of DGE.


Between April 2003 and March 2008, we performed PPPD and reconstruction using an antecolic method in 118 consecutive patients. After PPPD, reconstruction was done using conventional Child procedure in 12 patients (PPPD group) and with the following modifications in the remaining 106 patients (PPPDR group): duodenojejunostomy was performed using the straight method and the jejunum was anastomosed with a 30° counterclockwise twist. We evaluated the incidence of DGE based on the grading system defined by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS).


The PPPDR group had a lower incidence of DGE than the PPPD group (PPPD), occurring in 7 patients (7%) versus 4 patients (33%), respectively. However, the overall morbidity rates and postoperative hospital stays of the two groups did not differ significantly.


Straight stomach reconstruction with a twisted anastomosis could reduce the incidence of DGE after PPPD reconstruction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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