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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Aug;1817(8):1428-35. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.11.013. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Phycobilisome model with novel skeleton-like structures in a glaucocystophyte Cyanophora paradoxa.

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Department of Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Komaba, Tokyo, Japan.


Phycobilisome (PBS) is a photosynthetic antenna supercomplex consisting of a central core subcomplex with several peripheral rods radiating from the core. Subunit structure of PBS was studied in a glaucocystophyte Cyanophora paradoxa strain NIES 547. Subunit composition of PBS was identified by N-terminal sequencing and genes for the subunits were determined by homology search of databases. They included rod linker proteins CpcK1 and CpcK2, rod-core linker proteins CpcG1 and CpcG2, and core linker proteins ApcC1 and ApcC2. Subfractionation by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis provided evidence for novel subcomplexes (ApcE/CpcK1/CpcG2/ApcA/ApcB/CpcD and ApcE/CpcK2/CpcG1/ApcA/ApcB), which connect rod and core subcomplexes. These skeleton-like structures may serve as a scaffold of the whole PBS assembly. Different roles of ApcC1 and ApcC2 were also suggested. Based on these findings, structural models for PBS were proposed. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability: from Natural to Artificial.

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