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Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Dec;17(12):2194-202. doi: 10.3201/eid1712.110896.

Worldwide occurrence and impact of human trichinellosis, 1986-2009.

Author information

1
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

To assess the global incidence and clinical effects of human trichinellosis, we analyzed outbreak report data for 1986-2009. Searches of 6 international databases yielded 494 reports. After applying strict criteria for relevance and reliability, we selected 261 reports for data extraction. From 1986 through 2009, there were 65,818 cases and 42 deaths reported from 41 countries. The World Health Organization European Region accounted for 87% of cases; 50% of those occurred in Romania, mainly during 1990-1999. Incidence in the region ranged from 1.1 to 8.5 cases per 100,000 population. Trichinellosis affected primarily adults (median age 33.1 years) and about equally affected men (51%) and women. Major clinical effects, according to 5,377 well-described cases, were myalgia, diarrhea, fever, facial edema, and headaches. Pork was the major source of infection; wild game sources were also frequently reported. These data will be valuable for estimating the illness worldwide.

PMID:
22172230
PMCID:
PMC3311199
DOI:
10.3201/eid1712.110896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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