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Mol Vis. 2011;17:3137-46. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

NF-κB feedback control of JNK1 activation modulates TRPV1-induced increases in IL-6 and IL-8 release by human corneal epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, State College of Optometry, New York, NY 10036, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The corneal wound healing response to an alkali burn results in dysregulated inflammation and opacity. Transient receptor potential vanilloid type1 (TRPV1) ion channel activation by such a stress contributes to this unfavorable outcome. Accordingly, we sought to identify potential drug targets for mitigating this response, in human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC).

METHODS:

SV40-immmortalized HCEC were transduced with lentiviral vectors to establish stable c-Jun N-terminal kinase1 (JNK1), nuclear factor-κB1 (NF-κB1), and dual specificity phsophatase1 (DUSP1) shRNAmir sublines. Immunoblotting evaluated the expression of NF-κB1, DUSP1, protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ), and the phosphorylation status of cell signaling mediators. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) evaluated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) release.

RESULTS:

Capsaicin (CAP; a selective TRPV1 agonist), induced time-dependent activation of transforming growth factor-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades temporally followed by increased nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells inhibitor, alpha (IκBα) phosphorylation, rises in both PKCδ protein levels and IL-6 and IL-8 release. All of these responses were blocked by the TAK1 inhibitor 5z-7-oxozeaenol (5z-OX). In the JNK1 subline, CAP failed to increase IL-6/8 release, but still stimulated NF-κB by 50%. In the NF-κB1 subline, these IL-6/8 responses were absent, JNK1 activation was attenuated and there was a concomitant increase in DUSP1 expression compared to the control. In the DUSP1 subline, JNK1 phosphorylation was enhanced and prolonged and accompanied by larger increases in IL-6/8 release.

CONCLUSIONS:

TRPV1 induced increases in IL-6/IL-8 release occur through TAK1 activation of JNK1-dependent and JNK1-independent signaling pathways. Their joint activation is required for NF-κB to elicit sufficient positive feedback control of JNK1/2 phosphorylation to elicit increases in IL-6/8 release. Such regulation depends on NF-κB modulation of DUSP1 expression levels and associated changes in PKCδ protein levels.

PMID:
22171160
PMCID:
PMC3235537
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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