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Addict Behav. 2014 Aug;39(8):1286-91. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.11.029. Epub 2011 Nov 26.

Development of an evidence-based, gay-specific cognitive behavioral therapy intervention for methamphetamine-abusing gay and bisexual men.

Author information

1
Friends Research Institute, Inc., Los Angeles, CA 90028, United States; UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025, United States. Electronic address: reback@friendsresearch.org.
2
UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025, United States; Department of Family Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025, United States.

Abstract

This study compared outcomes in methamphetamine use and sexual risk behaviors from a modified gay-specific, cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) combined with a low-cost contingency management (CM; [GCBT+CM]) intervention to prior findings from clinical trials of the original GCBT. Effect sizes for primary outcomes were compared using meta analysis. Comparisons of effect sizes at end of treatment showed the modified GCBT+CM produced significantly fewer consecutive weeks of methamphetamine abstinence (-0.44, CI: -0.79, -0.09) and fewer male sexual partners (-0.36, CI: -0.71, -0.02) than the first trial of GCBT, and more days of methamphetamine use (0.35, CI: 0.02, 0.68) than the second trial of GCBT. At 26-week follow-up, the modified GCBT+CM produced greater effects in reducing the number of male sexual partners (-0.54, CI: -0.89, -0.19; -0.51, CI: -0.84, -0.18). The original GCBT produced more and mostly short-term beneficial drug use outcomes, though sexual behavior changes consistently favored the modified GCBT+CM. On balance, most benefits are retained with the modified GCBT+CM intervention.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive behavioral therapy; Contingency management; Gay and bisexual men; Methamphetamine abuse treatment; Sexual risk behavior

PMID:
22169619
PMCID:
PMC3326187
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.11.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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