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Int J Infect Dis. 2012 Feb;16(2):e146-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2011.10.006. Epub 2011 Dec 9.

Tuberculoid leprosy and cytomegalovirus retinitis as immune restoration disease in a patient with AIDS.

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Department of Tropical Medicine, School of Tropical Medicine, 108, C R Avenue, Kolkata 700073, India.


Here we report a unique case of tuberculoid leprosy and cytomegalovirus retinitis in a 27-year-old female patient with AIDS, suggestive of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-induced immune restoration disease. After initiation of HAART, the patient presented with decreased visual acuity, hypoesthetic patch with local nerve thickening, and an increase in her CD4+ T cell count. On further investigations cytomegalovirus retinitis and tuberculoid leprosy were confirmed. To our knowledge no case with such a co-existence has previously been reported.

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