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Immunol Rev. 2012 Jan;245(1):177-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2011.01071.x.

Development and evolution of RORγt+ cells in a microbe's world.

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Lymphoid Tissue Development Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. CNRS, URA1961, Paris, France.


The nuclear hormone receptor retinoid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) induces a pro-inflammatory program in lymphoid cells, culminating in the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-17, IL-22, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and tumor necrosis factor. During ontogeny, the first type of cells expressing RORγt are lymphoid tissue inducer cells, a type of innate lymphoid cell (ILC) generated in mammalian fetuses to induce the development of lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. After birth, RORγt(+) ILCs and RORγt(+) T cells are involved in the defense of epithelial surfaces against extracellular microbes and play an important role in the intestinal homeostasis with symbiotic microbiota. The development and evolution of RORγt(+) cells is intimately associated with the construction of a stable host-microbe interface.

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