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Methods Mol Biol. 2012;831:19-36. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-480-3_2.

Isotopic labeling of heterologous proteins in the yeast Pichia pastoris and Kluyveromyces lactis.

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  • 1Japan Biological Informatics Consortium (JBiC), Tokyo, Japan.


Several protein expression systems are available for the preparation of stable isotope-labeled recombinant proteins for NMR studies. Yeast expression systems have several advantages over prokaryotic systems, such as the widely used Escherichia coli expression system. Protein expression using the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris is commonly employed for the preparation of isotope-labeled proteins. Recently, the hemiascomycete yeast Kluyveromyces lactis expression system was reported as being useful for preparing proteins for NMR studies. Since each yeast expression system has different features, their applications have increased in number. In this chapter, we describe procedures for the efficient production of uniformly isotope-labeled proteins using the P. pastoris and the K. lactis yeast expression systems.

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