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Int J Pediatr. 2011;2011:630604. doi: 10.1155/2011/630604. Epub 2011 Nov 24.

An analysis of anger in adolescent girls who practice the martial arts.

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Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No. 7 Al-e-Ahamd Highway, P.O. Box 14395-578, Tehran, Iran.


The effect of martial arts on adolescents' behavior, especially aggression, is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess and compare anger ratings among adolescent girl athletes of different martial arts. 291 female adolescents between the ages of 11 and 19 were assessed according to the Adolescent Anger Rating Scale designed by DM Burney. In the case group, the martial arts practiced were either judo (n = 70) or karate (n = 66), while the control group was composed of swimmers (n = 59) and nonathletes (n = 96). Total anger scores showed statistically significant differences between the groups (P = 0.001) decreasing from girls who practiced judo to nonathletes, karate, and swimmers. Instrumental and reactive anger subscales also showed significant differences between the groups, but this difference was not found for anger control. As a conclusion, the anger rate did not differ between judoka and nonathletes, but that both of these groups received higher scores in total anger than karateka and swimmers.

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