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Sensors (Basel). 2010;10(8):7434-68. doi: 10.3390/s100807434. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy for elemental analysis in environmental, cultural heritage and space applications: a review of methods and results.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Bari, via Orabona 4, 79126, Bari, Italy. rosalba.gaudiuso@ba.imip.cnr.it

Abstract

Analytical applications of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), namely optical emission spectroscopy of laser-induced plasmas, have been constantly growing thanks to its intrinsic conceptual simplicity and versatility. Qualitative and quantitative analysis can be performed by LIBS both by drawing calibration lines and by using calibration-free methods and some of its features, so as fast multi-elemental response, micro-destructiveness, instrumentation portability, have rendered it particularly suitable for analytical applications in the field of environmental science, space exploration and cultural heritage. This review reports and discusses LIBS achievements in these areas and results obtained for soils and aqueous samples, meteorites and terrestrial samples simulating extraterrestrial planets, and cultural heritage samples, including buildings and objects of various kinds.

KEYWORDS:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS); cultural heritage; elemental analysis; meteorites; optical emission; soils; space exploration

PMID:
22163611
PMCID:
PMC3231154
DOI:
10.3390/s100807434
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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