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Tex Heart Inst J. 2011;38(5):568-72.

Reverse takotsubo cardiomyopathy: after an episode of serotonin syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, and Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA. nishakim@gwu.edu

Abstract

Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, usually followed by complete resolution. It is precipitated by severe stress, and the most common variant (takotsubo) is marked by apical hypokinesis and ballooning with basal hyperkinesis. Serotonin syndrome is best understood as excess serotonergic activity in the central and peripheral nervous system. This imposes significant stress on the body. We report what we believe is the 1st case of serotonin syndrome as an indirect cause of stress-induced cardiomyopathy with a reverse takotsubo profile.

KEYWORDS:

Antidepressive agents, second-generation/adverse effects; antipsychotic agents/adverse effects; catecholamines; depression; echocardiography; monoamine oxidase inhibitors; serotonin syndrome/chemically induced/diagnosis/prevention & control; stress cardiomyopathy; stress, psychological/complications; takotsubo cardiomyopathy, reverse/diagnosis/physiopathology; ventricular dysfunction, left/diagnosis/etiology/ultrasonography

PMID:
22163138
PMCID:
PMC3231548
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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