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Ann Behav Med. 2012 Apr;43(2):262-70. doi: 10.1007/s12160-011-9329-2.

Smoking cessation and quality of life: changes in life satisfaction over 3 years following a quit attempt.

Author information

1
Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, 53593, USA. mep@ctri.medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There has been limited research addressing changes in subjective well-being as a result of quitting smoking.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to use longitudinal data to determine the relation between smoking cessation and subjective measures of well-being, including global quality of life (QOL), health-related QOL (HR-QOL), affect, relationship satisfaction, and stressor occurrence.

METHODS:

As part of a randomized, placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial, 1,504 participants (58.2% women, 83.9% white) completed assessments and had their smoking status biochemically confirmed at baseline and years 1 and 3 post-quit.

RESULTS:

Compared with continuing smokers, quitters showed improved global QOL, HR-QOL, and affect at years 1 and 3 and fewer stressors by year 3. Smoking status did not influence marital relationship satisfaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Successful quitters, in contrast to continuing smokers, reported improved subjective well-being, which could be used to motivate quit attempts by individuals with concerns about what life will be like without cigarettes.

PMID:
22160762
PMCID:
PMC3298628
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-011-9329-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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