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Dalton Trans. 2012 Feb 14;41(6):1734-41. doi: 10.1039/c1dt11676b. Epub 2011 Dec 8.

Studies on characterization, telomerase inhibitory properties and G-quadruplex binding of η6-arene ruthenium complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline-derived ligands.

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Department of Chemistry, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, PR China.


Two arene ruthenium complexes [Ru(η(6)-C(6)H(6))(p-MOPIP)Cl](+)1 and [Ru(η(6)-C(6)H(6))(p-CFPIP)Cl](+)2, where p-MOPIP = 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-imidazo[4,5f][1,10] phenanthroline and p-CFPIP = 2-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-imidazo[4,5f][1,10] phenanthroline, were prepared and the interactions of these compounds with DNA oligomers 5'-G3(T2AG3)3-3'(HTG21) have been studied by UV-vis and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, gel mobility shift assay, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) melting assay, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) stop assay and telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay. The results show that both complexes can induce the stabilization of quadruplex DNA but complex 1 is a better G-quadruplex binder than complex 2. The two ruthenium complexes tested led to an inhibition of the enzyme telomerase and complex 1 was the significantly better inhibitor. A novel visual method has been developed for making a distinction between G-quadruplex DNA and double DNA by our Ru complexes binding hemin to form the hemin-G-quadruplex DNAzyme. Furthermore, in vitro cytotoxicity studies showed complex 1 exhibited quite potent antitumor activities and the greatest inhibitory selectivity against cancer cell lines.

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