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Bone. 2012 Aug;51(2):278-88. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2011.11.019. Epub 2011 Dec 3.

Diagnosis of osteoarthritis: imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, debilitating joint disease characterized by degenerative changes to the bones, cartilage, menisci, ligaments, and synovial tissue. Imaging modalities such as radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and ultrasound (US) permit visualization of these structures and can evaluate disease onset and progression. Radiography is primarily useful for the assessment of bony structures, while OCT is used for evaluation of articular cartilage and US for ligaments and the synovium. MRI permits visualization of all intraarticular structures and pathologies, though US or OCT may be preferential in some circumstances. As OA is a disease of the whole joint, a combination of imaging techniques may be necessary in order to gain the most comprehensive picture of the disease state. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Osteoarthritis".

PMID:
22155587
PMCID:
PMC3306456
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2011.11.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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