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Gastroenterology. 2012 Mar;142(3):531-42. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.11.034. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Disruption of Klf4 in villin-positive gastric progenitor cells promotes formation and progression of tumors of the antrum in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Krüppel-like factor 4 (Klf4) is a putative gastric tumor suppressor gene. Rare, villin-positive progenitor cells in the gastric antrum have multilineage potential. We investigated the function of Klf4 in these cells and in gastric carcinogenesis.

METHODS:

We created mice with disruption of Klf4 in villin-positive antral mucosa cells (Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) mice). Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) and control mice were given drinking water with or without 240 ppm N-methyl-N-nitrosourea at 5 weeks of age and thereafter on alternating weeks for a total of 10 weeks. Gastric mucosa samples were collected at 35, 50, or 80 weeks of age from mice that were and were not given N-methyl-N-nitrosourea, and analyzed by histopathologic and molecular analyses. Findings were compared with those from human gastric tumor specimens.

RESULTS:

Preneoplasia formed progressively in the antrum in 35- to 80-week-old Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) mice. Gastric tumors developed in 29% of 80-week-old Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) mice, which were located exclusively in the lesser curvature of the antrum. N-methyl-N-nitrosourea accelerated tumor formation, and tumors developed significantly more frequently in Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) mice than in control mice, at 35 and 50 weeks of age. Mouse and human gastric tumors had reduced expression of Krüppel-like factor 4 and increased expression of FoxM1 compared with healthy gastric tissue. Expression of Krüppel-like factor 4 suppressed transcription of FoxM1.

CONCLUSIONS:

Inactivation of Klf4 in villin-positive gastric progenitor cells induces transformation of the gastric mucosa and tumorigenesis in the antrum in mice. Villin-Cre(+);Klf4(fl/fl) have greater susceptibility to chemical-induced gastric carcinogenesis and increased rates of gastric tumor progression than control mice.

PMID:
22155367
PMCID:
PMC3477581
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2011.11.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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