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Toxicology. 2012 Feb 6;292(1):42-52. doi: 10.1016/j.tox.2011.11.016. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

Toxicological assessment of tridecafluorohexylethyl methacrylate (6:2 FTMAC).

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DuPont Haskell Global Centers for Health and Environmental Sciences, Newark, DE 19714, USA.


The toxicity of tridecafluorohexylethyl methacrylate (6:2 FTMAC), an acrylic monomer used in producing polymeric substances, was evaluated. 6:2 FTMAC has low acute oral and dermal toxicity (LD50>5000 mg/kg), was not a skin or eye irritant, and did not demonstrate skin sensitization potential in a local lymph node assay (LLNA). 6:2 FTMAC was not mutagenic in the bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) test or in the mouse lymphoma assay. 6:2 FTMAC induced structural aberrations in human peripheral blood lymphocytes in vitro in the absence of metabolic activation but not in the presence of S9 metabolic activation. No numerical aberrations were detected under any testing condition. Also, no increase occurred in structural or numerical chromosomal aberrations in an in vivo mouse micronucleus assay in 6:2 FTMAC treated animals compared to controls. 6:2 FTMAC was administered at 0, 100, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day via gavage to male and female SD rats for 14 days. No test substance-related effects on mortality, clinical signs, body weights, nutritional parameters, or clinical pathology were observed at any dose. Test substance-related increases in liver weights in males and females at all dose levels and thyroid and kidney weights in 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day males were noted. While there was no histopathological correlate for thyroid and kidney weight changes, minimal hypertrophy was noted in liver in males and females at 1000 mg/kg/day group. The changes noted in teeth (altered mineralization; retention of basophilic material) and femur (increased mineralization) in all treated groups were not associated with clinical signs or microscopic changes and were likely related to free fluoride formed from 6:2 FTMAC metabolism. Plasma (3-4-fold) and urine (30-50-fold) fluoride was higher in treated groups versus controls. Therefore, the changes noted in organ weights, teeth, femur, plasma or urine were not considered adverse. In the repeated dose toxicity study, the no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) was 1000 mg/kg/day. Based on mean measured concentrations, the 96-h LC50 in fathead minnow was >14.5 mg/L and the 72-h EC50 in Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata was >24.6 mg/L, while the 48-h EC50 in Daphnia magna, based on nominal concentrations, was >120 mg/L. Overall, 6:2 FTMAC is considered to have low toxicity potential based on these studies.

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