Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Affect Disord. 2012 Feb;136(3):304-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.11.033. Epub 2011 Dec 10.

Temperament and personality in bipolar II disorder.

Author information

1
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia. k.fletcher@unsw.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is limited research examining temperament and personality in bipolar II disorder. We sought to determine any over-represented temperament and personality features in bipolar II disorder compared to other affective groups.

METHOD:

Scores on a self-report measure of temperament and personality were examined in a sample of 443 participants diagnosed with unipolar, bipolar I and bipolar II disorder.

RESULTS:

After controlling for age, gender, age of depression onset and current depression severity, those with bipolar II disorder were characterized by higher irritability, anxious worrying, self-criticism and interpersonal sensitivity scores, and with lower social avoidance scores compared to unipolar participants. No differences were found between bipolar sub-types on any temperament and personality sub-scales. Limitations included the lack of a control group, a relatively small sample of bipolar I participants, and with the cross-sectional design disallowing conclusions regarding premorbid personality traits as opposed to illness 'scarring' effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

Further research should seek to clarify whether certain temperament and personality styles are over-represented in bipolar II disorder. Any over-represented characteristics may assist with diagnostic differentiation from phenomenologically similar conditions and lead to more appropriate clinical management.

PMID:
22154887
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2011.11.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center