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Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Apr;33(4):839.e5-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.11.012. Epub 2011 Dec 10.

Exome sequencing reveals SPG11 mutations causing juvenile ALS.

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1
Centre of Excellence in Neuroscience of Université de Montréal, CHUM Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

We report here the description of a nonconsanguineous family with 2 affected individuals with a recessively inherited juvenile motor neuron disease. Exome sequencing of these 2 affected individuals led us to identify 2 compound heterozygous deletions leading to a frameshift and a premature stop codon in the SPG11 gene. One of these deletions, c.5199delA in exon 30, has not been previously reported. Interestingly, these deletions are associated with an intrafamilial phenotypic heterogeneity as one affected has atypical juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the other has classical hereditary spastic paraplegia with thin corpus callosum. Our findings confirm SPG11 as a genetic cause of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and indicate that SPG11 mutations could be associated with 2 different clinical phenotypes within the same family.

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