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J Clin Densitom. 2012 Apr-Jun;15(2):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jocd.2011.10.006. Epub 2011 Dec 9.

Evaluation of bone mineral density in postmenopausal women in Kuwait.

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Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait.


Menopause is the major risk factor for the loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in women. In this study, we determined the prevalence of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in Kuwait and compared it with that of other Middle East and west countries. Two thousand two hundred ninety-six postmenopausal women ranging in age from 40 to 87yr were included in the study and divided into 4 age groups by decade. We measured body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), BMD, and BMC. The mean age, height, and weight were 59.1+7.9yr, 154.7+6.5cm, and 77.3+14.9kg, respectively. The mean BMI and BMC were 32.4+6.6kg/m(2) and 0.9+0.14g/cm(2), respectively. The average T-scores for the hip and lumbar spine were -0.280+1.2 and -1.297+1.33, respectively. BMC significantly decreased with age from 0.95 to 0.81g/cm(2). Four hundred forty-four (19.3%) were found to have osteoporosis. The incidence of osteoporosis significantly increased from 4.3% to 39.9% with age, which is lower than that reported for Saudi (40%) and Moroccan women (39.6%) and higher than that for US/European (31%) and Lebanese women (11%).

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