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Rev Mal Respir. 2011 Dec;28(10):1340-56. doi: 10.1016/j.rmr.2011.08.005. Epub 2011 Nov 6.

[Treatment of distal airways involvement in COPD].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
UPRES EA 220, pôle des maladies respiratoires, hôpital Foch, 11 rue Guillaume-Lenoir, Suresnes, France.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The current pharmacological treatment of COPD provides only partial beneficial effects on symptoms, exercise tolerance, frequency of exacerbations and quality of life. This could be related to poor targeting of the distal airways by current treatments, yet these airways are particularly involved in airflow obstruction and its consequences such as hyperinflation.

BACKGROUND:

Many treatments used in COPD could have effects on distal airways, including bronchodilators, corticosteroids, mucolytics and antibiotics. However, these possible effects remain poorly understood.

VIEWPOINTS:

New treatments targeting more specifically the mechanisms of inflammation, oxidative stress and tissue remodeling that characterize COPD, could prove useful in its management, but most are still only in the early stages of their development. Advances could also come from improvements in inhalation devices, delivering more of the medication to the distal airways.

CONCLUSIONS:

Improvement in the management of COPD could come from progress in terms of both molecules and their mode of administration.

PMID:
22152941
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmr.2011.08.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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