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BMC Res Notes. 2011 Dec 12;4:528. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-4-528.

Health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients.

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1
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria. obinna.ekwunife@unn.edu.ng.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Establishment of the health impact of hypertension on quality of life of Nigerians is a step towards controlling the disease. The study aimed to provide a Nigerian specific reference list of utility scores of hypertensive patients with various interacting conditions.

FINDINGS:

An interviewer-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using hypertensive patients in two purposively selected tertiary hospitals located in South-Eastern Nigeria. Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was used.A total of 384 participants with either hypertension alone or with hypertension-associated complications were interviewed in the two tertiary hospitals.The overall mean utility score was 0.35 +/- 0.42. Patients with hypertension alone had the highest overall mean utility score (0.57 +/- 0.29) while hypertensive patients with stroke had the lowest overall mean score (0.04 +/- 0.36). Being a male, increase in age and mean arterial blood pressure, emergency visit and loss of work due to illness were associated with significant decrease in overall utility scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study presented a reference for health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients.

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