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Diabet Med. 2012 Jun;29(6):796-802. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2011.03552.x.

Acceptance of insulin therapy: a long shot? Psychological insulin resistance in primary care.

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1
Medisch Centrum Oost, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

AIM:

To explore which factors are associated with psychological insulin resistance in insulin-naive patients with Type 2 diabetes in primary care.

METHODS:

A sample of 101 insulin-naive patients with Type 2 diabetes completed self-administered questionnaires including demographic and clinical characteristics, the Insulin Treatment Appraisal Scale and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Psychological insulin resistance was denoted by negative appraisal of insulin (Insulin Treatment Appraisal Scale).

RESULTS:

Thirty-nine per cent of the sample were unwilling to accept insulin therapy. Unwilling participants perceived taking insulin more often as a failure to control their diabetes with tablets or lifestyle compared with willing participants (59 vs. 33%), unwilling participants were more reluctant to accept the responsibilities of everyday management of insulin therapy (49 vs. 24%). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that depression and objection to lifelong insulin therapy were independently associated with psychological insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study in primary care, depression and objection to lifelong insulin therapy are associated with psychological insulin resistance. Analysis of the objection to the indefiniteness of insulin therapy showed a sense of limitation of daily life and loss of independence that should not be underestimated. Insulin should be offered as a means to improve health as this might facilitate the acceptance of insulin therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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