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Platelets. 2012;23(6):439-46. doi: 10.3109/09537104.2011.634932. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Platelet reactivity in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a comparative analysis with survivors of myocardial infarction and the role of glycaemic control.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics, The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland , Dublin , Ireland. darrenmylotte@gmail.com

Abstract

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exhibit considerable platelet dysfunction, though this is poorly characterized in patients with diabetes taking aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events. We sought to compare platelet function in this patient population with that of a high-risk group of non-diabetic subjects with a history of previous myocardial infarction (MI), and to assess whether glycaemic control impacts on platelet function.

METHODS:

Platelet aggregation was measured in response to incremental concentrations of five platelet agonists using light transmission aggregometry. All patients were taking aspirin, and aspirin insensitivity was defined as ≥ 20% arachidonic acid (AA) mediated aggregation. Patients with diabetes were divided according to glycaemic control (HbA(1c)): optimal ≤ 6.5, good 6.6-7.4 and suboptimal ≥ 7.5%.

RESULTS:

In total, 85 patients with type 2 diabetes and 35 non-diabetic patients with previous MI were recruited. Compared to MI patients, diabetes patients had increased aggregation in response to multiple concentrations of epinephrine, collagen, adenosine diphosphate and AA. Aspirin insensitivity was more common in type 2 diabetes (15% vs. 0%, p=0.037). Platelet aggregation was increased in response to several agonists patients with suboptimal glycaemic control compared to patients with optimal control. Aspirin insensitivity was also more common in patients with suboptimal glycaemic control compared to those with good or optimal control (26.0% vs. 8.3% vs. 4%, p=0.04).

CONCLUSION:

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, without proven vascular disease, exhibit platelet dysfunction and have increased platelet aggregation and aspirin insensitivity compared to non-diabetic patients with previous MI. Platelet dysfunction in diabetes is more severe in patients with suboptimal glycaemic control.

PMID:
22150374
DOI:
10.3109/09537104.2011.634932
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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