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Chemistry. 2012 Jan 9;18(2):466-77. doi: 10.1002/chem.201102389. Epub 2011 Dec 6.

Aurophilicity versus mercurophilicity: impact of d10-d10 metallophilic interactions on the structure of metal-rich supramolecular assemblies.

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Sciences Chimiques de Rennes UMR 6226 CNRS, Université de Rennes 1 Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France.


Treatment of U-shaped, binuclear Cu(I) complexes 1,1' (1, counterion: BF(4)(-); 1', counterion: PF(6)(-)) with metal cyanide linear linkers K[Au(CN)(2)] (3) and Hg(CN)(2) (4) lead to formation of new supramolecular assemblies 5,5' and 6,6', respectively, in good yield. These derivatives have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, IR, and X-ray diffraction studies. Derivative 5,5' are supramolecular metallacycles in which intramolecular aurophilic interactions between the Au(I) metal centers of the linkers are observed. Derivative 5 crystallizes as a single solid phase, whereas derivative 5' is characterized in the solid state as four different pseudo-polymorphs (5'a-d). Notably in the case of phase 5'd, a dimer of supramolecular metallacycles bounded by intermolecular aurophilic interactions is formed. Conversely, derivatives 6,6' present large structural diversity depending on the nature of the counterion. Derivative 6 is a supramolecular rectangle in which the Hg(II)-Hg(II) metal distance suggests mercurophilic interaction, whereas 6' crystallizes as two different pseudo-polymorphs 6'a,b, that is, a one-dimensional coordination polymer and one oligomer with no short Hg(II)-Hg(II) metal contacts, respectively. In derivatives 6,6', short contacts between the Hg(II) metal centers and fluorine atoms of the counterions are also observed, which may explain the counterion structural dependence of these supramolecular assemblies based on Hg(II) metal cyanide linker. Comparison of the different solid-state structures characterized highlights the importance of weak secondary interactions between the linkers for the formation supramolecular metallacycles from molecular clips 1,1' and suggests the range of energies required for these interactions to form metallacycles and to induce self-aggregation.


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