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J Atheroscler Thromb. 2012;19(1):36-46. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Novel TNF-α receptor 1 antagonist treatment attenuates arterial inflammation and intimal hyperplasia in mice.

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Medical Engineering, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan.



Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) participates importantly in arterial inflammation in genetically altered mice; however it remains undetermined whether a selective TNFR1 antagonist inhibits arterial inflammation and intimal hyperplasia. This study aimed to determine the effect and mechanism of a novel TNFR1 antagonist in the suppression of arterial inflammation.


We investigated intimal hyperplasia in IL-1 receptor antagonist-deficient mice two weeks after inducing femoral artery injury in an external vascular cuff model. All mice received intraperitoneal injections of TNFR1 antagonist (PEG-R1antTNF) or normal saline twice daily for 14 days.


PEG-R1antTNF treatment yielded no adverse systemic effects, and we observed no significant differences in serum cholesterol or blood pressure in either group; however, selective PEG-R1antTNF treatment significantly reduced intimal hyperplasia (19,671±4,274 vs. 11,440±3,292 µm(2); p=0.001) and the intima/media ratio (1.86±0.43 vs. 1.34±0.36; p=0.029), compared with saline injection. Immunostaining revealed that PEG-R1antTNF inhibits Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), suppressing smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and decreasing chemokine and adhesion molecule expression, and thus decreasing intimal hyperplasia and inflammation.


Our data suggest that PEG-R1antTNF suppresses SMC proliferation and inflammation by inhibiting NF-κB. This study highlights the potential therapeutic benefit of selective TNFR1 antagonist therapy in preventing intimal hyperplasia and arterial inflammation.

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