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Trop Med Int Health. 2012 Mar;17(3):283-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02932.x. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Anaemia during pregnancy: impact on birth outcome and infant haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life.

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1
IRD UMR216, Mère et enfant face aux infections tropicales, Paris, France. kourakobtoghislain@yahoo.fr

Abstract

To determine the effect of maternal anaemia on pregnancy outcome and describe its impact on infant haemoglobin level in the first 18 months of life, we conducted a prospective study of 617 pregnant women and their children in Benin. Prevalence of maternal anaemia at delivery was 39.5%, and 61.1% of newborns were anaemic at birth. Maternal anaemia was not associated with low birth weight [OR = 1.2 (0.6-2.2)] or preterm birth [OR = 1.3 (0.7-2.4)], whereas the newborn's anaemia was related to maternal anaemia [OR = 1.8 (1.2-2.5)]. There was no association between an infant's haemoglobin level until 18 months and maternal anaemia. However, malaria attacks during follow-up, male gender and sickle cell trait were all associated with a lower infant haemoglobin level until 18 months, whereas good infant feeding practices and a polygamous family were positively associated with a higher haemoglobin level during the first 18 months of life.

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